Sunday, December 30, 2007

Bookbinding for Beginners - 6

by Florence O. Bean - Assistant in Manual Arts - Boston Public Schools

Making a Booklet Part 2

B. Determine the purpose of the booklet first and then its size and shape. As in A draw plans of the inside and cover. With rule and pencil lay out parts on materials to be used. Cut and sew as in A. Simple lettering on the cover adds much to the appearance of the booklet. Choose a title appropriate to its contemplated use, as "NOTES," "SKETCHES," etc., which should be executed in rather large Roman capitals.

On a separate sheet, mark out an oblong of height and width desired for the title and practice on this. If title is long, make letters narrow, if short, letters may be broadened, to fill up more space. When satisfactory results are obtained, cut out and place on the cover, moving 'up and down to determine its best position. The base line of the title should be placed below the top at one-fifth to one-quarter of the entire distance from the top to the bottom of the cover. After the position is determined, the title should be transferred either by tracing or copying. The pupil's name in much smaller capitals should be worked out in the same manner and placed below the center with a somewhat wider margin at the base than at the top. Do not enclose the title in an oblong or other figure.

A single or double line as a border around the cover looks well, if carefully done. (See illustration, Plate V.)

C. For the cover use gray drawing paper, tinted, other materials as desired. Draw plans as in A and B. A larger surface than required for the cover should be tinted before it is marked out, so that any streaking along the edge may be cut off. To mix a wash of the color selected, put two or three tablespoonfuls of water in the water-cup and add a little paint until the desired tone is produced, being quite sure to have enough to cover the whole surface. Try to have the wash clean, not muddy, and beware of too much paint! The colors should be soft, not crude, and somewhat neutralized by the addition of the complementary color. The best results are produced by the use of green, pale yellow, brown, dull orange, and red. Blue is very likely to streak and is seldom satisfactory.

When ready to apply the wash, place the paper on an inclined surface--45° or more from the horizontal. A sheet of heavy cardboard or a book answers this purpose admirably. With a full brush make a horizontal stroke across the top of the paper.
The second stroke should be just below this leaving no dry spots between. Being careful to keep the brush full of paint,continue in this manner until the entire surface is covered. The surplus amount of paint which will settle along the lower edge should be taken up with the brush, which has first been squeezed dry between the thumb and finger. When the paper is dry, mark out the cover and cut. Cut out the leaves and sew as in A. The cover may be lettered as in B.

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