Sunday, December 30, 2007

Bookbinding for Beginners - 5

by Florence O. Bean - Assistant in Manual Arts - Boston Public Schools

Making a Booklet

TIME: 4 hours.

MATERIALS: For the inside, any of the paper so listed. For the cover, any of the paper so listed. For stitching, any material so listed. The simplest form of a book consists of a cover and inside sheets in a single fold, sewed through the center. Choose materials from the lists given. Three definite methods of working out this problem are here outlined, arranged in the order of their difficulty. Other combinations will suggest themselves. METHOD A. First determine the purpose for which the booklet is to be used, and decide on shape and size of page best suited to this purpose. If for spelling or pocket memoranda, it may be long and narrow; if for language a larger page is desirable; or if for map work, the size and shape of the maps should be considered.

Take any sheet of paper and experiment in folding to obtain satisfactory size and proportions. A single sheet of paper folded through the center is called a folio. This sheet will be twice the width of a page and of the same length. (Commercially, a folio is made from paper varying from 22 x 16 to 44 x 32. Therefore, books to which this term is applied are generally of large size.)

With pencil and rule draw a plan of the open folio and properly dimension the drawing. (See Plate 1.) If there has been no previous training in simple mechanical drawing, the use of extension and dimension lines, arrow heads, and the proper placing of figures should be explained. If some proficiency in this kind of drawing has been acquired, a freehand sketch may take the place of an accurate drawing.

Plate II. Shows some of the line conventions used in making a working drawing. In the same manner as for the pages, draw a plan of the cover, which should project beyond the pages form 1/8 to ¼ of an inch. Layout and cut the cover and one sheet for the inside, keeping carefully on the lines.

Having cut one sheet of the inside, lay the sheet on as many pieces of the paper as are needed, (from three to seven make a booklet of desirable thickness); then make a hole with a pin or needle at each corner, piercing all at one time. On each sheet draw the four sides, using rule and pencil.

This is easier than to measure each one. The folded sheets should be placed one inside the other to form the inside of the booklet, and the whole placed inside the folded cover, with the edges of the cover projecting slightly. With a needle make a hole through the center of the fold, and another near each end of the fold (from one-half an inch to an inch and a half from the end) according to the size of the booklet, as shown in Plate III. With thread or raffia sew

through the center hole, from the inside out, back to the inside through an end hole, outside through the center hole, inside through the other end hole, and tie the ends in a square knot (see illustration, Plate IV) near the center of the fold. Other equally satisfactory methods of sewing may be worked out.

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